on top rib:
'Other Address' please give details
of manufacture or purchase (if known):
on Blanch Best sidelock guns is the date of manufacture shown
as Roman Numerals on the trigger guard, all other guns can only
be dated from personal records or, approximately, from Proof Marks.
approximate date from Proof Marks would be very useful, If you
are not familiar with Proof Marks through the ages, send me a
digital image, sketch or rubbing of all marks on breech and barrel
flats and I will do my best. Exact words and figures are important.
'Other' please give details:
action or Back action?
information on identifying Back action and Bar action locks Click
(mainly below rib line when cocked )
(mainly above rib line when cocked)
hammers do not rest against the striker (firing pin) when uncocked
as they 'bounce back' to half-cock after hitting the striker, whilst
non-rebounding hammers do rest against the striker making it protrude
from the breach face.
refers to the shape of the cross-section of the hammer. Is it a
rounded section or does it have flat sides? Very late and early
hammerguns tend towards rounded but guns from the 1880's and 1890's
often have a rounded lower half and a faceted head.
you can see the combined styles of faceted head >
with rounded section lower hammer.
Two forms of fully rounded hammer can be seen
below illustrating striker style.
shape of the strikers tends to divide as above with the early
and mid era guns having a thin striker retained by a hexagon nipple
whilst later guns moved over to broad strikers retained by a pin
mounted in the 'fence'.
sometimes display various methods of withdrawing the striker from
the primer to ease the opening of the gun. The two main methods
are either the use of a spring mounted around the striker or a mechanical
lever that retracts the striker, actuated either by the fall of
the barrels, operating the opening lever or cocking the hammers.
Broad strikers retained by pin in fence .
Narrow striker retained by
hexagon nipple. >
Bar Action Side Lock
Back Action Side Lock
information on identifying Back action and Bar action locks Click
Disc Set Strikers
are disks in the breech face that can be removed with a 'peg' wrench
to gain access to the strikers (firing pins)
Cocking Inspection Ports
are glazed holes in the lock plates through which you can see
example of 'Crystal Inspection Ports' >
Backed Action Boxlocks(eg. Scroll Back)
sidelocks these will not be readily apparent unless you have had
the lock out. However, on boxlocks their presence is indicated by
a small pin (screw) level with the stikers (firing pins) and just
behind the joint of the fences and body of the action. An example
of these can be seen above in the illustration for 'Fancy' backed
are 3 types of ejector mechanism that are commonly found on Blanch
guns: 'Southgate' or 'Over-centre'; 'Perkes' or 'Deeley'. The latter
two are from a practical perspective identical mechanisms and are
only divided by the patent number credited. As a rough guide to
which type of ejector your gun has: a plain pin or small screw in
the knuckle of the forend iron will suggest the 'Southgate' system
(see below right); 1 or 2 screws on the flat of the central limb
of the 'iron suggest a 'Deeley' or 'Perkes' system (below, at centre
and at left respectively).
Type (if known)
Creeping Vine Border, Bold Foliate Panels
Bouquet and Scroll
'Trade' Quality Scroll
vine border around
a bold foliate panel'
Below are illustrated
several of the many variations of breech 'fence'. If none of them
appear to be similar to your gun, please describe it in terms of
these pictures in the 'additional details' box below.
additional details (eg. special engraving or sculpting):
Gas Check System takes the form of grooves cut into the breech face.
There could be a Patent No and/or Use No stamped there.
and Numbers stamped on breech face:
Numbers on Action Flats:
are most common on back action side locks and often refer to the
Scott and Perkes back action patent but may refer to the cocking
system or the ejector works.
by moving the breech opening lever the safety catch is moved to
'Safe' the gun is described as having an 'Auto Safety', if not then
a 'Non-Auto Safety'
of Safety Catch
Side by Side
Over and Under
Whitworth (Sheath of Wheat)
BSA (Piled Arms)
Videx Steel (Text in Circle)
of Other Trade Mark:
barrel lumps are the projections from the barrels that mesh with
the action. These can either be an integral part of the barrels,
as in 'Chopperlump' barrels, or a seperate piece of metal that is
brazed onto the barrels. This latter form of construction is by
far the most common in Blanch guns and is almost universal where
damascus or twist barrels are concerned.
Chopperlump barrels can be identified by the joint between the two
barrels' lumps which appears as a faint line that runs along the
mid-line of the lumps in the axis of the barrels. 'Dovetail' and
'Through' lumps can be identified by the joints, again in line with
the axis of the barrels, that run either side of the lumps and usually
within 1-2mm of them. Sometimes the yellow glint of braze cn be
seen in the joint. 'Table' lumps are usually only found on single
barrel or muzzleloader conversions and can be identified by he brazed
joint on the sides of the barrel where the lumps have been attached.
of Other lumps:
Square (locating under top lever)
'Dolls Head' (rounded with slot for bolt)
Round Section Cross Bolt
Square Section Cross Bolt
1000th inch or as fraction)
of other chamber length
2" or 50mm
2 1/2" or 65mm
2 3/4" or 70mm
3" or 75mm
Forward Pointing, Side Moving Lever
Anson (push rod)
Deeley & Edge (recessed lever in centre of f'end,
often 'lollipop' shape)
'J Blanch & Son Improved Snap Bolt' ( slim forward
facing, pivoted lever)
of pull (measured from front trigger to centre of stock butt)
of the Stock
pattern of colours in a gun stock is called 'Figure' and a stock
is partly graded by the quantity and type of figure. This has been
simplified here into 4groups: Highly figured means that there is
a large amount of dark and light markings covering at least 75%
of the wood; Well figured means that there are markings on both
sides of the stock and that they cover from 50% to 70% of the surface;
Figured means that the markings cover up to 50% of the total area
of the stock and Plain means that there are no significant markings.
Prince of Wales
the stock extended?
Other, please describe:
to the Fences (Sidelocks)
gun is not 'stocked to the fences', ie. the wood
stops short of the breech fences.
gun is 'stocked to the fences', ie. the wood continues
right up to the breech fences.
Chequered Side Panels (Boxlocks)
of Gun (if known)
Additional Details of your gun:
History of Your Gun
there any date indicators or interesting features that you would
like included in future questionnaires?